There are countless types of martial arts, so it is almost impossible to make a list that includes all of them, but some of them are more popular and widely known. Here is a list of some of the most popular martial arts.
Karate is a martial art that comes from Japan. Originally it was created as a sport discipline. Karate is the most typical stand-up martial art. It involves kicking, punching, elbows, open hand techniques etc. The main objective of this sport is to deflect the direct attacks and to find the weak points of the opponents’ body such as solar plexus. That won’t endanger the opponents’ health, but make him harmless for a while.
Judo is a competition sport that originally comes from Japan. The main objective in this sport is to gain points by taking down the opponent. At the beginning Judo was meant for trainings and competition, but it is also useful in combat and self-defense. With Judo methods it is possible to take down opponent that is twice as big us you if you. Thai main key of success in this type of martial art is knowledge of opponents’ weak points.
Kickboxing is one of the types of martial arts that is mixed from many other martial arts and have different origins. Also it can be used for many purposes such as competition, self-defense and fitness training. The most common one is the American version of kickboxing. It includes all kinds of kicking, punches, knees, elbows etc. In kickboxing it is all about speed. You must be faster than your opponent and kick before you get kicked. For kickboxsers it is also important to learn how to not react to pain and respond even when you are being kicked.
Taekwondo is Korean martial art. It includes all kind of kicks, especially high kicks with legs. In Taekwondo legs are the most powerful weapons, because they are strong and can reach further than any other limb. Taekwondo is usually used for fitness trainings, because it’s a good way how to train flexibility, strength and balance at the same time. If there are mental trainings included, it is possible to even break the bricks and wooden planks with leg kicks.
Wrestling is very popular martial art that has very long history. It is believed that wrestling comes from Europe, but there are lots of versions about its origins. It also has many versions, so it is hard to describe the main purposes of this combat. The most common way is to wrestle on the matt with no ropes.
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is a type of martial art that comes from Brasilia. It is believed that Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is the most aggressive type of modern martial arts. It includes biting, joint locks, strangulation etc. The objective of this sport is to take down the opponent and then grab one of with limbs and manipulate with it. Of course, in most of the Brazilian Jiu Jitsu trainings aggressive moves are banned. The base of it is trainings of balance and grapple.
Aikido is another Japanese martial art. It was originally used for self defense. The objective of this martial art is to defense without doing any harm to attacker. The martial artist needs to see the opportunity to neutralize opponent. Aikido practitioners believe that every time opponent attacks he exposes himself and that is the moment he is in his weakest point.